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Thursday, July 21, 2016

Flags at Sea: Ensigns

Flags at Sea; ENSIGN


 William Crampton in his book “The World of Flags” wrote “The use of flags at sea was the beginning of the flags as they are known today, since they were actually flown from masts and staffs rather than merely held in hand”. Since time immemorial, flags have always been used at sea in trading vessels (merchant ships) and ‘men-of-war’ (warships).

The ‘Age of Discovery’ saw the development of heraldic sails, ie, ones painted with armorial devices all over. The armorial devices symbolic of nationality ultimately gave away to modern Flags at Sea.
At sea there has grown up etiquette of how the flags should be used and where they should be hoisted and the occasions when they are used. 
 We will discuss about the Flags at Sea chapters wise, viz. Ensign, Jack, Pennant, Courtesy Flag, House Flag, Flag of Convenience, Signal Flags, Rainbow Fashion, Pirate Flag, Yacht Flag and finally “Flag Customs at Sea” with philatelic illustrations.
  
 
 The term ‘ENSIGN’ is derived from Greek Semeion, Latin equivalents Signus and Insigne is the distinguishing National flag worn by ships at or near the stern. According to Late E. M. C. Barraclough, foremost flag historian, the term 'Ensign' was first used by the British Navy way back in 1574.
 
White Ensign (War Ship) - Red Ensign (Merchant Ship) - Blue Ensign (Ship on Govt. duty)


The Spanish Ensign (1516 - 1785); The Cross of Burgundy -        The Saltire Raguly.








Many National Flags of today were, in fact, first created as Ensigns for use at sea.
 The first display of Japanese Ensign was on the occasion of the trip to the US in 1860 of the first diplomatic delegation ever sent abroad. The cruiser Kanrin Maru sailed the Pacific, for this purpose flew the Japanese Flag "Hi No Maru" at the bow for the first time s the symbol of the nation.



Swallow-tailed or Split National Flag is used as Naval Ensign in Scandinavian Countries.
  
Indian White Ensign (2001-2004)


IN White Ensign (2004-2014)

Most Commonwealth countries use White Ensign to denote Warship

 
Italian and Korean Naval Ensigns
 Red Ensigns denote Merchant ships
 
Israel's Merchant ship Ensign
Indian Coast Guard's Blue Ensign defaced with Coast Guard's emblem.

In most countries, but not all, Ensign discharges a dual function; it shows the Nationality and the function of the ship, for example a warship, a merchant ship or a ship in government service, namely, Coast Guard, Coastal/River Police, Customs, Private Yachts and so forth. Most countries, particularly within the Commonwealth Member countries have three or more different ensigns – one for the warships (white), one for the merchant ships (Red) and one used by ships in government duties (Blue). Often these ensigns are further differentiated by superimposing (defacing) the ensigns with the ‘badges’ or ‘emblems’ of the particular organization the ship belongs.
The German Imperial Reichskiegsflagge (War Flag; 1903-1921) was based on Naval Ensign of Prussia dating back to Teutonic Knights.

Friday, June 17, 2016

Flags at Sea: Jack

“Jack” is the name given to the “Flag” flown on a small vertical spar (pole) at the stem or on the bowsprit of a warship.

E.M.C. Barraclough, the internationally renowned vexillologist writes ‘although at first ‘Jacks’ were flown from the mast-head of a ship, it soon became the practice to fly them from the ‘sprit-mast’ which was fixed to the bowsprit. It was often been thought that the “flag” is called a “Jack” because it flies from the ‘Jack-staff’, but actually the ‘staff’ is called a “Jack-staff” because the “Jack Flag” flies from it. Likewise, the British “Union Flag” is most often wrongly referred to as “Union Jack”.
 
 
Most countries use the diminutive of their National flag as ‘Jack’
 
 Scandinavian countries State flags and Jacks are 'swallow-tailed' or 'split' at the fly.
 
 
  Some countries have/had  ‘historic’ or other special 'flag'              for use as ‘Jack’ at sea.

The Great Star Flag 1837
An 1818 act established that the Great Star Flag include a star for each state and 13 stripes. Capt. Samuel C. Reid, a naval hero of the war of 1812, recommended arranging the stars into one 'large Star pattern', a common design in the 19th. century.


Greece has two Flags, one with the white ‘Greek Cross’ on blue field for use as ‘Jack’ at sea and the other with 'nine horizontal stripes of blue and white and to the upper side of the flagpole, there is a white cross on a blue background’ for use as ‘Ensign’

The U. S. Coast Guard Ensign and Jack
The badge has the motto ‘Semper Paratus’ (Always Prepared) and the date ‘1790’. The post card commemorates the 175 th. Anniversary of the U.S. Coast Guard.

Monday, May 2, 2016

Monumental Flag-masts And Giant Flags of India

  The Concepts of Monumental Flag-poles & Giant Flags Are Not New In India.

156 ft. tall flag-staff off the coast of Bay of Bengal in Chennai (formerly, Madras) had enjoyed the distinction of being the ‘Tallest & Oldest’ flag-mast, before the recent craze for gigantic Flag-poles  began. 

In 1687, Elihu Yale the second Governor of Madras, hoisted the Union Jack for the first time on the flag-mast at Fort St. George, Madras (present day Chennai), replacing that of the East India Company’s flag (the original wooden-mast was replaced by a steel-mast of equal height in 1994). On August 15, 1947, it was on this flag-mast that the Indian Tricolour was hoisted for the first time and since then it has become the  government venue of the Independence Day Flag hoisting ceremony of Tamil Nadu state.
 Elihu Yale (1649 – 1721) - Governor of the East India Company settlement in Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School of Connecticut, USA, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.
 
New Delhi's highest Monumental Flagpole 207 ft. hoisted by the Flag Foundation of India at Connaught Place.

 
 The largest National Flag in the country at the Central Park in Connaught Place in New Delhi. 

  President of the Flag Foundation of India, hoisted the largest flag in the country and highest flagpole in New Delhi, measuring 207 ft. in height, at Central Park in Connaught Place on 7 March 2014. The monumental flag measures 60 ft. in width and 90 ft. in length and weighs 35 kg.
 There are 12 such flag poles in the country but this national flag is the largest , said Cdr. K.V. Singh of the Flag Foundation of India. The Flag Foundation of India and the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) worked together on the project. The flag pole has been designed keeping in mind the geometry of Connaught Place, Singh said. “We are trying to create a monument for the national flag in the capital of the country,” he added.
  Soaring At Jaipur, Rajasthan
Special Cover released on Biggest Indian Flag on tallest flag-pole in Rajasthan at Central Park, Jaipur at Rajpex 2015 on 26th January 2015.
The Cancellation in form of Digital Franking using Remotely Managed Franking System (RMFS). The Meter Frank depicts National Flag and Slogan 'Highest National Flag in Rajasthan' and 'Greetings on Republic Day'. The meter frank is serially numbered from 1 to 1000.

 The National Flag is hoisted at a height of 206 feet throughout the year at Natural Heritage, Central Park, Jaipur. The flag is 48 feet wide and 72 feet in length weighing about 25 Kgs. 
The monumental flag was hoisted for the first time by the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan Mr. Ashok Gehlot in October 2011. Hoisting the flag, the chief minister said that national flag is a symbol of dignity and pride. He also asked the citizens to guard the dignity of national flag even at the cost of their lives. He also thanked Flag Foundation of India to get right for common man to hoist the flag.  








Another Towering Flag (Tallest And Largest) Tricolour at Ranchi Inaugurated on 23rd January 2016. Standing tall at 293 ft, and measuring 99 x 66ft in size.

Ranchi's Ill-fated Towering Flag
BY January 2017, the BSF is planning to put up the tallest national flag near the Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (JCP). So high, a top BSF official said, that at 350 feet, “it can be seen both from Lahore as well as Amritsar”.
The move is part of the BSF’s expansion plans for the visitors’ gallery at the site of the iconic Retreat ceremony, said Ashok Kumar Yadav, the officiating Inspector General of BSF’s Punjab Frontier. Amritsar and Lahore are approximately 18 km away from the international border, he added.
“At that height, the flag would have to be proportionately sized, therefore it would also be the largest Tricolour. There is an intense atmosphere of patriotism during the Retreat ceremony, and the crowds are highly charged. The flag will serve as a beacon for them,” Yadav told The Indian Express.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/at-the-attari-wagah-border-a-national-flag-so-high-it-will-be-seen-in-lahore-2775528/#sthash.7e3mizCv.dpuf
BY January 2017, the BSF is planning to put up the tallest national flag near the Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (JCP). So high, a top BSF official said, that at 350 feet, “it can be seen both from Lahore as well as Amritsar”.
The move is part of the BSF’s expansion plans for the visitors’ gallery at the site of the iconic Retreat ceremony, said Ashok Kumar Yadav, the officiating Inspector General of BSF’s Punjab Frontier. Amritsar and Lahore are approximately 18 km away from the international border, he added.
“At that height, the flag would have to be proportionately sized, therefore it would also be the largest Tricolour. There is an intense atmosphere of patriotism during the Retreat ceremony, and the crowds are highly charged. The flag will serve as a beacon for them,” Yadav told The Indian Express.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/at-the-attari-wagah-border-a-national-flag-so-high-it-will-be-seen-in-lahore-2775528/#sthash.7e3mizCv.dpuf
BY January 2017, the BSF is planning to put up the tallest national flag near the Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (JCP). So high, a top BSF official said, that at 350 feet, “it can be seen both from Lahore as well as Amritsar”.
The move is part of the BSF’s expansion plans for the visitors’ gallery at the site of the iconic Retreat ceremony, said Ashok Kumar Yadav, the officiating Inspector General of BSF’s Punjab Frontier. Amritsar and Lahore are approximately 18 km away from the international border, he added.
“At that height, the flag would have to be proportionately sized, therefore it would also be the largest Tricolour. There is an intense atmosphere of patriotism during the Retreat ceremony, and the crowds are highly charged. The flag will serve as a beacon for them,” Yadav told The Indian Express.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/at-the-attari-wagah-border-a-national-flag-so-high-it-will-be-seen-in-lahore-2775528/#sthash.7e3mizCv.dpuf
BY January 2017, the BSF is planning to put up the tallest national flag near the Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (JCP). So high, a top BSF official said, that at 350 feet, “it can be seen both from Lahore as well as Amritsar”.
The move is part of the BSF’s expansion plans for the visitors’ gallery at the site of the iconic Retreat ceremony, said Ashok Kumar Yadav, the officiating Inspector General of BSF’s Punjab Frontier. Amritsar and Lahore are approximately 18 km away from the international border, he added.
“At that height, the flag would have to be proportionately sized, therefore it would also be the largest Tricolour. There is an intense atmosphere of patriotism during the Retreat ceremony, and the crowds are highly charged. The flag will serve as a beacon for them,” Yadav told The Indian Express.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/at-the-attari-wagah-border-a-national-flag-so-high-it-will-be-seen-in-lahore-2775528/#sthash.7e3mizCv.dpuf

  
  
Raipur Beats The Record Set By Ranchi 5 Months Back
105 x70ft. Flag on 82 m tall Post.
The Telangana government will unfurl the country’s tallest National Flag in Hyderabad on the occasion of the state’s Formation Day on June 2.
Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao on Tuesday directed the state Chief Secretary to make arrangements for unfurling the flag at the Bathukamma Ghat of Hussain Sagar Lake, a release from his office said.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/telangana-govt-to-unfurl-countrys-tallest-national-flag-in-hyderabad-2783106/#sthash.Djqnxiz5.dpuf


The Telangana Government will unfurl the Country’s Tallest National Flag at 301 ft. in Hyderabad on the occasion of the State’s Formation Day on June 2, 2016.
Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao on 3rd May, 2016 (Tuesday) directed the state Chief Secretary to make arrangements for unfurling the flag at the Bathukamma Ghat of Hussain Sagar Lake, a release from his office said. Noting that there is a National Flag at Ranchi at a height of 293 feet, Rao said the flag in Hyderabad should be at a height of 301 feet.
The Chief Minister said the proposed flag would promote nationalism among the citizens.


And the "Largest and Tallest Flag" that is in Pipe-line !

BSF SET TO PUT UP TALLEST NATIONAL FLAG AT 350ft. NEAR ATTARI-WAGAH BORDER BY JANUARY, 2017 

   By January 2017, the Border Security Force (BSF) is planning to put up the tallest national flag near the Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (JCP). So high, a top BSF official said, that at 350 feet, “it can be seen both from Lahore as well as Amritsar”.
The move is part of the BSF’s expansion plans for the visitors’ gallery at the site of the iconic Retreat ceremony, said Ashok Kumar Yadav, the officiating Inspector General of BSF’s Punjab Frontier. Amritsar and Lahore are approximately 18 km away from the international border, he added.
“At that height, the flag would have to be proportionately sized, therefore it would also be the largest Tricolour. There is an intense atmosphere of patriotism during the Retreat ceremony, and the crowds are highly charged. The flag will serve as a beacon for them,” Yadav told.  The Indian Express.

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